Human intelligence vs Artificial Intelligence


Recently, the battle between Google AlphaGo and Lee Sedol, a professional Go player from South Korea, has again led to a heated discussion with regard to artificial intelligence. Who is the Super Brain? The human, or the machine? Many people have such questions in mind. In my opinion, whether the winner is AlphaGo or Lee Sedol, the ultimate winner is human. This is a battle between collective human wisdom and individual genius, and the success of AlphaGo is just another success of collective human wisdom.However, the success of AlphaGo has also raised a strong response and  worries over artificial intelligence technology among lots of people, which is unexpected before the match.  Some  even claim that artificial intelligence could destroy humanity when it reaches a  certain level. Many celebrities, including the English scientist Steven Hawking and the founder of Microsoft, Bill Gates, have joined the campaign against the over-development of artificial intelligence. Such worries may seem unfounded now, but it truly reflects a deep deliberation into the relationship between human and artificial intelligence.With the rapid development of artificial intelligence technology, one of the questions that people are most concerned with is if jobs would be taken on by artificial intelligence. People are worried: will we all lose our jobs one day?
If you think about it carefully, such worries are not entirely unfounded. Currently, the intelligent robots are already helping humans clean the house, cook meals, take down speeches, edit articles, etc. The positions that could be taken on by artificial intelligence are increasing, and no one can predict what artificial intelligence could do next. Nevertheless, some scientists have pointed out that the development of artificial intelligence is still in the preliminary stage. The so-called “weak AI” used by scientific community means that part of the human labor may be replaced by artificial intelligence. However, the worry that “we will all lose our jobs to AI” are exaggerated.
In the “weak AI” stage, humans cannot create intelligent machines that can actually reason and solve questions, for the time being. These machines may look intelligent, but they don’t have intelligence or consciousness. Only in “strong AI” stage, will humans will be able to make machines that possess what we call “emotion” or “feeling”. In the stage, a large number of jobs would be taken on by artificial intelligence. It is an irreversible trend.
According to the projection of 2016 Davos World Economic Forum, 7.1 millions of jobs could be lost through redundancy, automation or disintermediation. At the same time, 210 new jobs would be created, focusing on more a specialized area. Accordingly, we may have fewer job choices in the presence of artificial intelligence, but the specialization of labor is significantly improved. As long as you have the expertise, you will be able to get a job.As AI develops to a certain level, a series of questions in regard to education will follow. Do our children still need to undergo years of systematic learning to grasp  knowledge comprehensively? Or it can be accomplished by implanting a chip through a minimally invasive brain surgery, as what is shown in scientific fiction movies, which stores an extensive amount of information and can be connected to the internet for cloud storage?
A newspaper article once reported that a sick girl in the U.S sent a remote-controlled robot to school in her place while she was undergoing treatment in hospital. Her teachers and classmates treated the robot as the girl herself. They studied with the robot together, and communicated with it just as if they were communicating with her. Accordingly, it seems to be a choice for future children’s education to use robots to go to school.
Anyway, with the rapid development of AI, we see huge potential to use AI to substitute traditional learning. However, some experts have pointed out a step-by-step learning process is necessary for children to master  knowledge firmly and cultivate a way of thinking. If an uneducated child suddenly becomes profoundly learned through implantation of the knowledge chip, lots of unexpected problems may arise.
The knowledge is not really mastered by this child; it belongs to the tiny chip. Also, the chip cannot tell this child how to use the knowledge, or how to cultivate his thinking and creative ability. Whether the possession of so much knowledge by a child, with no knowledge background and social experience, all at once will bring a series of negative impacts on the society remains to be proven. Therefore, there is still a long way to go before letting AI to go to school in place of  children.
The connection structure of neurons in our brain correspond to a theory called “small world”. To put it simply, every neuron can connect to any other neurons through a few nodes. However, this structure cannot be achieved in a neuron-like brain implant chip, as the operating system will be extremely complex and energy-hungry if it is composed of electronics and machinery. Additionally, the growth in human intelligence is a process. At first, we have to learn concrete matters, and then simplify it into an abstract concept and then deepen the concept gradually through further abstraction. On the basis of the abstraction, we can get more generalized concept, and conduct analysis and reasoning afterwards.
Obviously, the ability to learn in-depth is lacking in neuron-like brain implant chips. In the aspect of using smart chips to acquire and apply knowledge as substitutes for human brains, we still have long way to go.
When talking about emotions, the first thing we think of are the feelings  between humans. With the development of robotics, it is possible that soon after, not only humans but also robots will have emotions. In the movie “Man from Macau 3”, the robot has falling into a romantic relationship, which is even stronger, deeper than human ones. Also, the Baymax in the popular Disney movie “Big Hero 6” is so cuddly and adorable that we just can’t stop loving it. Here the question comes: can robots have emotions?
Humans have two kinds of emotions: basic emotions and complex emotions. Usually, we consider that basic emotions include happiness, anger, sadness and fear. However, the reason that humans are human is that we not only have basic emotions, but also complex emotions. These emotions are social, spiritual and acquired, such as morality and love. Although, complex emotions cannot be simulated through programming in theory, AI may be able to develop complex emotions if it has an entire set of basic emotions and learning ability.
So it is completely possible for robots to have human emotions! With these, they will be qualified to become real human. Nevertheless, if one day robots were ensouled by the powerful technology and were able to show all kinds of emotions and eternal feelings perfectly, would you feel horrified? Or treat them as your friends?
You may have heard about the suicide of a robot in Austria in 2013. The host turned off the power of the cleaning robot after it had finished its cleaning work and left it alone at home. After the whole family had left the house, the cleaning robot turned itself on, pushed away the pot on the electric stove and then sat on the stove and set itself on fire. The fire caused by the cleaning robot burned down the house and left the family with no place to live, but the host insisted that he had turned off the cleaning robot before he left the house. The automatic start of the cleaning robot and its mysterious suicidal event became an unsolved case.
Previously, Japan has launched an emotional robot which sold out quickly. It is designed to be a companion for human, and it can recognize your emotion and knows how to comfort you, learns your hobbies, interests and habits form your daily lives, and never fights or shouts back. If you are smiling, the robot will know you are happy; if you are scowling, it can feel that you are worried about something. The robot can understand your mental state from your facial expressions and behaviors, and will communicate and interact with you on the basis of that. No matter if you are happy, angry or sad, you can pour out your feelings to the robot!
The future belongs to the robots. Nowadays, humans are no longer satisfied with industrial type robots. All kinds of remote-operated companion robots, servicing robots, recreational robots, etc. are increasingly favored by the public. For example, the intelligent companion robots which are popular in China lately, can provide you with considerate services that allow you to take care of your family any time and anywhere. In the future, humans will have a closer relationship with robots. Maybe one day you can go on a date with a robot!

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