Google’s New Project Has Finally Fixed Android’s Biggest Trouble


The problem itself is not in Android or even on brands such as Samsung, Sony, HTC, Huawei, LG, and others, which take too long to launch the updates to the market. Of course, currently, if you want to have the latest versions you can buy a Nexus or Pixel (Google devices). 
In recent times brands have been more committed and quickly release security patches (fixes to problems) for equipment. It has worked very well, this commitment, however, the truth is that users do not want to be 4, 5 or even half a year to have a new version of Android and this is what happens now, even with the commitment of the brands.

The steps and barriers in the Android world

We may think that it is because of the low brands or the complexity of the system, but in fact, there is a series of steps that are still complex or time-consuming and that cause “entropy” in Android, when in other systems is immediate.
Let’s take a look at the steps from launching an Android version to getting to the devices.

  1. The Android team publishes the code of their latest Android version
  2. Component manufacturers modify this new version for their specific hardware
  3. Device manufacturers use this modified version and tune it to their devices
  4. Device manufacturers work with carriers to test and certify the new version
  5. Device manufacturers and operators make the new version available to users
The solution is called Project Treble and is the great asset that is expected to be presented on May 17 in the Google I/O 2017 event.

But what is Project Treble?

In more simplistic terms, for us to understand how Google is thinking, let’s take as an example the Compatibility Test Suite (CTS), which has been implemented in Android applications. So with CTS, developers create applications ready to run on millions of devices, with no need to make tuning for each.
Inspired by this mechanism, Google created Project Treble. This project intends to do what the CTS does for the applications. The central concept is to separate the vendor implementation – the lower-level specific software, written largely by hardware manufacturers – from the Android operating system framework.
This is achieved by introducing a new vendor interface between the structure of the Android operating system and vendor implementation. The new vendor interface is validated by a Vendor Test Suite or VTS, analogous to CTS, to ensure compatibility with vendor implementation. So, Android will win a “Vendor Interface”.

With the stable manufacturer interface, which provides access to specific pieces of Android hardware, device manufacturers may choose to deliver a new version of Android to consumers by simply upgrading the structure of the Android operating system without requiring any additional work from manufacturers of components.

The Treble Project will reach all the devices that will be launched with Android O, being this new architecture already present in the version Developer Preview. The benefits of this approach are evident as seen in the images above. If before we needed the component vendors recompile the versions for each component, with this the new approach such is no longer necessary.

Will the new approach solve all upgrade issues?

This new approach is an excellent bet by Google and will certainly accelerate the upgrade processes, but not as much as would be expected. Manufacturers will still need to put their own features, tools, and applications on the clean version of Android. This process will take time. In addition, we will still have many telecom operators who will still want to place their own applications above the manufacturer’s build.
Google is, however, working with equipment and component manufacturers to, when making a specific change, such as for a network in a particular country, and to place the codes in the AOSP (Android Open Source Project) in order to Who do not need to rewrite new patches for every Android release.

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